It’s a holiday! I hope you all took the day off and are celebrating appropriately!

Well! Thanks to Jim, without whom this day would have gone COMPLETELY UNNOTICED, we are able to celebrate a VERY AUSPICIOUS DAY TODAY. This is why we HAVE a Minister of Fly-nance! To point out things like this that might have otherwise slipped by without even a mention! THANK YOU JIM!


A whole entire DAY dedicated to PUNCTUATION! Well, we here at Lucy’s Football are very pro-punctuation. We like it very much. We like ALL TYPES of punctuation here. What we do NOT like is when it is used incorrectly. So, in order to celebrate punctuation in all of its glory, we’re going to have a punctuation discussion today.

Now, I know what you’re thinking. “I don’t NEED to learn about punctuation, Amy. I already KNOW how to use punctuation correctly. I am VERY GOOD AT IT.” Well, maybe you are. In which case, WE SALUTE YOU! But there are those among you who are NOT as good at punctuation. People who are confused about how best to use a semicolon; what exactly an ellipsis is; the difference between parentheses and brackets. Today, we are going to discuss ALL OF THESE THINGS. I know! It’s going to be awesome. It’s like a carnival! A CARNIVAL OF PUNCTUATION!

Also, I’m sincerely hoping that someday, some poor lost kid in school who’s all “I am CONFUSED about COMMAS” will find this post and it will help them and they’ll be all secure in their knowledge of punctuation and will do very will in their English class, and also someday when I read their inevitable blog I won’t want to claw my eyes out with salad tongs.

Let’s start with something simple: the period. There’s one at the end of this sentence. And this one. Not this one, though!

The period is used to end a sentence (unless that sentence is a question or a command or VERY EXCITED ZOMG!) and also used after initials (“There’s an airport in New York City named after J.F.K.”) and abbreviations (“I live on Smith Rd.”) (SIDE NOTE: that is a lie, I do not. Don’t come stalk me, you’ll just get lost.)

A little-known fact about periods! If you are writing a sentence within parentheses (for example, that last sentence in the paragraph above,) or a sentence within quotes, you put the period at the end of the sentence INSIDE OF THE CLOSING PARENTHESIS or INSIDE THE CLOSING QUOTATION MARKS. I cannot stress this enough. It makes me crazy when there’s a period all hanging out on its own outside of a parenthesis or quotation marks. If you need a reminder: a period is part of a sentence. You wouldn’t write this, would you? (Shh, don’t tell anyone my) secret. Or this? “One time, I totally wiped out on” the sidewalk. Because part of the SENTENCE is outside of the PARENTHESES/QUOTATIONS! So don’t leave the period out in the cold, ok? That makes the poor period sad, and makes it feel like it was picked last for gym class. Don’t do that to the period.

Now, let’s move on to something a little harder for people to wrap their minds around: the comma. DO NOT BE SCARED! Were you scared of the period? No you were not. The comma is just a period with a teeny tail! Like Dumbcat! And you’re not scared of Dumbcat, now are you? No you are NOT. You LOVE him. As you should.

Commas can be tricky. A quick rule of thumb: a comma is a pause. If you say your sentence aloud, and you’d pause at one point in the sentence, that’s where you’d put the comma. Or commas. That’s it, simplified. There are a lot of other rules. Here are a few:

  • use commas to separate elements in a series: “I bought red, blue, glitter, and black nailpolish.” (We’ll discuss the Oxford comma in a minute. Don’t think I’ve forgotten it. I am – SPOILER ALERT – extremely pro-Oxford comma.)
  • use a comma to connect two independent clauses (“I went to the store, but I forgot my wallet.”) You can leave this comma out – the sentence still works – but it’s prettier with the comma. And say it out loud – you pause between the “store” and the “but,” right? That’s your comma.
  • use a comma to set off things at the beginning of a sentence that make the sentence fancier, but you don’t really need them. (i.e. “However, he thought he should eat 14 more pounds of meatballs.”)
  • if something could be set apart by parentheses, but you for whatever reason decide you don’t want to use parentheses, you damn well better use commas. I totally did it in the sentence above. I sneaky-fucked you. See, here’s how I wanted to write that sentence: “if something could be set apart by parentheses (but you for whatever reason decide you don’t want to use parentheses) you damn well better use commas.” Neat, right?
  • use commas to set off quotes. “Ding Dong Joe will be released after 6-8 months; indecent exposure is no laughing matter,” said the police chief.
  • easy ones: between a city and a state (Hollywood, California) and a date and a year (November 11, 2011); to designate thousands in numbers (3,412,991.)

I know. It seems hard. It’s a little tough. Keep in mind, most people OVERuse commas, rather than UNDERuse them. They think they need them when they don’t.

OK, now let’s discuss this Oxford comma thing.

In the sentence “I bought chocolate, bread, peanut butter, and avocados at the store,” the comma after “butter” is called an Oxford (or serial) comma. A lot of people want it done away with. Because a lot of people have way too much free time.

If you do away with the serial comma, things like this happen:

See? It’s confusing. It makes it look like J.F.K. and Stalin ARE the strippers. Keep the Oxford comma. It’s not hurting anyone.

Here is a song I love called “Oxford Comma.” Even though it has the lyric “Who gives a fuck about an Oxford comma?” and *I* do, Vampire Weekend! I DO! Enjoy!

There can also be issues with using too many normal commas. Like this:


If you want more comma-knowledge, the internet can help you. Or The Elements of Style. I know, it looks all fusty and old-persony, but it’s really quite good and helpful.

Man, this is long and long. I really get jazzed about punctuation. It makes me happy. I know. Pretend it’s charming, or something, why don’t you?

OK, let’s move on to Amy’s favorite piece of punctuation: THE SEMICOLON.

I love it so much I have a semicolon typewriter-key necklace. I wear it when I want to feel like kicking ass.

If you look SUPER-CLOSE, I’m wearing it in my author photo on my book. I wanted it immortalized, I love it so.

The Oatmeal has a very helpful “how to use semicolons” link. It is better than anything I could ever write, ever. So, click on that, please. It uses the phrase SUPERCOMMA and that made me laugh so hard I almost peed a little.

A semicolon, in brief, joins two related shorter sentences into one sentence, and looks as cool as shit doing it. Here, you think I can’t give you an example? Don’t even challenge me, Charlie McDoubtface.

“I decided I didn’t give a shit about much of anything; that made it much easier to just go ahead and become a hobo who ate cat food.”

See, both parts of that sentence are sentences all on their own. But you can JOIN them with a SEMICOLON and they are a BETTER sentence.

You can also use them in a list: “I want to go to Finland to see Andreas; to Germany to see Ken; and to England to see Elaine.” SUPERCOMMA! It just sets them apart a little better than a comma would. It looks nicer.

Listen, if you can master the semicolon, your writing looks polished and you look like a superstar. I also cannot confirm or deny that there are some women out there that find it a total turn-on and, if wooed by a man with the proper use of a semicolon, might well take him home at the end of the night. CANNOT CONFIRM OR DENY. OK, fine. I’m just SAYING that if the right guy were to use a semicolon in a missive to me, I’d be pretty damn apt to wear my good panties on our next date, ok? PLUS AN ACTUAL HONEST-TO-GOODNESS MATCHING BRA. Just saying. For the record.

OK. Let’s talk brackets vs. parentheses.

Parenthesis set things apart. Side notes, like I use here. Asides in your sentences. Things like that. You can also use dashes or commas (as mentioned above) to set your text apart. Here’s a quick rule of thumb – all are right, but they read a little differently. Here, I’ll show you.

I went to the museum (the one over by the observatory) with Jenny last month.

I went to the museum, the one over by the observatory, with Jenny last month.

I went to the museum – the one over by the observatory – with Jenny last month.

See – same info, means the same thing. In this case, I’d go with parentheses or dashes. The commas look weird to me. Parentheses kind of de-emphasize the info; dashes seem to make it stand out a little; commas look like you’re not trying hard enough and can’t choose between parentheses and dashes. That’s Amy’s thought-process, anyway.

Brackets – which look like [this] – are used to clarify something in a quote, OR to show you’re smarter than the person you’re quoting. For example:

“I sure do like pork and beens [sic],” said the serial killer.

[sic] means there was a spelling error in the quote, – it’s short for the Latin, sic erat scriptum, “thus it was written,” and that you’re not to blame, and you KNOW they effed up. I own this t-shirt, because I am a grammar nerd:

Once I wore it, and someone said, “your shirt spells ‘sick’ wrong.” I’m not even kidding.

OK, possessives. Apostrophes. I know. They’re scary! SCARY LIKE A BOOGEYMAN. Here, The Oatmeal will save you. This is awesome and I kind of want the poster almost as much as I want the semicolon poster.

There are two things that make grammar nerds insane: improper possessives and improper quotation marks. Here’s the quick and dirty, jellybeans:

  • If it belongs to someone/something, you need an apostrophe. “That is Jason’s hat.” “Those are the cat’s toys.”
  • If the people/things it belongs to is plural, you do it thusly: “Those are the Johnson’s lawnmowers.” “Those are my cats’ litterboxes.” Also, to muddle you more, if the word ends with an s, you put the apostrophe at the END. Like with cats – it’s already a plural. You have multiple cats (you damn cat lady.) So to show that the cats own those litterboxes, to show their possession of them, you need that apostrophe. If you put it after the “t” in cat, you are saying you have one cat with a lot of litterboxes, and it looks like he has a pooing problem.
  • The word “it” confuses people. You either use its or it’s. It’s is used when it’s a contraction for IT IS. “It’s really quite simple.” Its is used to show possession: “I don’t understand its premise – so it’s a movie about the game Battleship? That seems ill-advised.”
  • You do not need to use an apostrophe all random-like. “I love the 90’s” is wrong. Because what belongs to the 90s? Nothing. It’s “I love the 90s.” Rule of thumb: ask yourself, does something belong to the word I’m randomly inserting (heh, inserting) an apostrophe in? If not, you probably are using it wrong.
  • SIDE NOTE: there’s a bar near me that has “half price martini’s” on their sign and every time I drive past it I yell, to the top of my lungs, “HALF PRICE MARTINI IS WHAT???” because in order for that apostrophe to need to be there, there’s a word missing at the end of that phrase. “half price martini’s awesome” would sound terrible but at least be technically grammatically correct.
  • Once you learn the ins and outs of apostrophes and possessives, you can go all around the town mocking signs that are doing them wrong. It makes you feel like a conquering grammatical hero.

    Keep dog’s WHAT out? Dog’s noses? Dog’s food? Dog’s houses? THERE IS A WORD MISSING HERE.

OK, now, quotes. You quote direct quotes from people, or if you’re saying something sarcastically, like “they” say I should probably get back out there and date again, but I think “they” should take a flying leap. Otherwise, you don’t need the quotes. There’s a whole website dedicated to unnecessary quotation marks. It is hilarious and the best. BFF pointed it out to me because he knows I love grammar errors. There’s a sign in the breakroom at work that’s all:

We are here to serve “our customers” and not “the callers” and “the callers” are not our “customers”…

And it’s a whole page long and it has random quotes all over it and the quotes are unneeded and it makes me laugh EVERY TIME I SEE IT. If you use quotes inappropriately, it looks like you’re being sarcastic about the things in quotes. Or that the thing in quotes isn’t true. And I don’t think that’s what you intended. Or, maybe it is? I DON’T KNOW YOUR LIFE.

Are they? Are they “live?” Because this makes me think you’re being sarcastic, and I don’t want your seafood.

OK, I promise we’re winding down. NO REALLY I PROMISE.

Dashes. We covered ’em a little above. They can set something apart – something like this – or they can be used singly. I suppose you want an example. FINE. An example of using a dash singly would be this – just one dash, no more, no less. Heh. Impressive, no?

If you use a dash, use just one, and put a space on either side of it. Because this-using them like this-looks stupid, and like “this-using” and “this-looks” are hyphenated words. And if you use two you look greedy — don’t use two! Now, I’m trying to show you how stupid that looks but WordPress is making my two dashes into one long dash to make it prettier for me. Thanks for NOTHING, WordPress. (The only time I use two dashes on purpose is if I’m signing a memo. You’re not going to be able to see this correctly, but pretend you do. –Amy.)

Hyphenated words are a little trickier. Some you just know – like teeter-totter, or back-to-back. People tend to leave hyphens out. I have a weird hyphen-sensor. I can tell when one is needed about 99% of the time. There are a lot of rules for hyphens, but they are as dull as dirt and I can’t find a way to make them fun, so here, if you care, you can click here and have this site tell you all about them. Mostly, here’s a quick trick – if you think a word MIGHT need a hyphen, Google it. See how it’s written on a majority of the search results. Does it have a hyphen? Go with the hyphen. No? Then leave it out. Listen, I didn’t say grammar was an exact science, and even those of us who are good at it have tricks and shortcuts.

An original piece of artwork via Jim! HYPHENS ARE IMPORTANT! (Thank you, Jim!)

Ellipses. WHAT IS THIS DARK SORCERY AMY?!?! An ellipsis is the three periods you put when you’re trailing off…or when you don’t know what to say next…or for comedic effect. DO NOT USE MORE THAN THREE PERIODS. That changes an ellipsis to a dumbass mess of periods and you look like an asshole. Microsoft Word will even FILL IN YOUR ELLIPSIS FOR YOU! And correct you if you use too many periods! It’s three. No spaces between them, no spaces before or after them. Used correctly, it’s fine. Used incorrectly, it looks like you fell asleep and mashed your face onto the keyboard.

This also means it’s not the end, by the way. If you ever see this. It trails off…like this…so it’s not really the end. Isn’t the English language the best? Yes, it totally is.

Let’s see. What else. Exclamation points. Snooty people will tell you not to ever! Use! Them! But listen, they make me laugh and I use them whenever the hell I want because they are fun and show my exuberance for all things life-related. Question marks…well, they show you’re asking a question. Oh, and then there’s the INTERROBANG. That’s this: ?! and it’s used to show you’re taken aback. “Mom said I’m adopted?!” Heh. Also, is interrobang the best word ever? Yes.

INTERROBANG! That’s not a euphemism. by the way. It’s a really real thing.

I’m too tired to properly explain colons. Click here. It’s helpful, if not a weirdly-formatted site. Also, if you say the word “colon” without giggling like a child, your heart is dead in your chest. DEAD I TELL YOU. The colon is used like a sadder semicolon, I guess. (“Jimmy only liked one girl: Helen. And Helen wished he would die in a fire.”) Or if you’re telling time. OH COLON. I am just messing with you. I love you, too, colon. Heh. Colon.


This is a snark mark. It is used to denote SARCASM. Are you not completely entranced and in love right now? Who doesn’t want a punctuation mark to denote sarcasm? It’s tough to do that online, you know? Or sometimes people think you’re being sarcastic and send you messages all “oh, shit, I think I offended you, sorry” and then you have to go back and look through everything you emailed/tweeted/commented/blogged and see what could have been misconstrued as “I was upset” when you’re not even FEELING upset because you were being SARCASTIC and it didn’t read well online. It’s not always easy to be a sarcastic bitch online.

OK. This is longer than like a month of posts. I LOVE YOU, PUNCTUATION! Thank you for making things easier for us to understand things, and for making things like this NOT happen:

Happy National Punctuation Day! Don’t forget: knowing how to properly punctuate a sentence makes you AWESOME LIKE A SPARKLY VAMPIRE! (Ugh, I can’t even pull that off. Sorry. Cool like ME. You can be cool like ME. That HAS to be better than a sparkly effing vampire, right?)


About lucysfootball

I'm not the girl with the most cake. Someday. SOMEDAY. View all posts by lucysfootball

64 responses to “It’s a holiday! I hope you all took the day off and are celebrating appropriately!

  • blogginglily

    I feel like you need original artwork included in your discussion of hyphens. . .

    You’re welcome.

    Also, Happy Punctuation Day! Great post, Amy!


  • Charleen

    Hmm, it’s probably a matter of learning from different style guides, but I learned a couple things that completely go against a couple of your things. For example, I learned that ellipses totally should have spaces . . . like this. I also learned that since keyboards don’t have an em-dash, you should use two smaller dashes instead. Many programs will combine them into the longer em dash for you (like WordPress apparently does), but not all.

    So as not to seem completely contradictory, I will also throw in my support for the Oxford comma. Also, I love the snark symbol! Is this a real thing?! Can I find it in my character map?! *goes off to search*


    • lucysfootball

      It must be a style thing, because I learned the exact opposite – I don’t know WHERE I learned it (school? one of my jobs? editing something for someone?)

      OK, I guess go with whatever’s going to get you in the least amount of trouble with the natives, people!

      Somehow Andreas found the snark mark – I want to say in one of his foreign language packs on his keyboard? But I might be remembering incorrectly…


      • Charleen

        I know when Word used to combine ellipses into a single character, the spacing was about halfway between no spaces and single spaces; I always liked that. (Look! A semicolon!) But when I tried it just now in Word 2007, it looked the same as having no spaces. So apparently your style guide (whichever one it is) is gaining popularity.

        Oh, and also (meant to mention this in my last comment but forgot), a friend of mine tweeted the following a couple weeks ago: “What do you do with a hot guy who understands correct use of a semicolon?” They’re now dating. Apparently his biggest selling point was that all of his text messages were appropriately capitalized and punctuated.


        • lucysfootball

          Ooh, lucky friend! I totally agree with her. A properly-punctuated/capitalized/grammatically-correct text message or email or Tweet or Facebook post go a long way to make me swoony. It shows that they care enough, and that really matters to me. I think it shows they have attention to detail, and that’s sexy to me. Also, it shows intelligence, and that’s the sexiest of all.


          • sj

            Heh, husband sent me a text last week correcting something I’d sent him. The space key hadn’t responded when I tapped it, so I said “anymore” when I meant “any more.” He responded with “In the context of that sentence, I think you meant ‘any more,’ not ‘anymore.'”


            • lucysfootball

              He really is kind of the most awesome. If I could wish the best guy for you, I think it would be him, which is awesome, because you already have him! So that worked out well, didn’t it?


              • sj

                [nod] AND the reason I was so late commenting on this post today was because he knew I went to bed feeling like crap last night, so he turned my alarm off and let me just sleep til I woke up.

                ALMOST 12 HOURS OF SLEEP, I can’t even remember the last time I slept so much.


                • lucysfootball

                  I like him. He’s aces with me. You let him know he gets my stamp of approval. Oh, I have to say this whenever I say stamp of approval, because it makes Andreas happy: stamp, stamp, stamp. Heh.


                  • sj

                    Hee! I will let him know. I also let him know that you approved of his gentle correcting of my text. I think he might have been worried that I was tattling on him, cos he *could* come off sounding like a jerk, but I told him that it was much appreciated, so he just smiled.


          • Charleen

            I’m much more forgiving in texts and tweets than emails and Facebook, but yes, using proper English shows that a) you care about your audience, and b) you care about what you’re saying. There’s nothing I hate more than what should be a strong and important message being ruined by laziness or ignorance.


            • lucysfootball

              Yeah, texts and tweets sometimes have to be abbreviated, I know…but that makes it even BETTER when they’re correct, you know?

              I’ve already decided that someday when I find a fella, he needs to be vetted by the internet people. If they don’t approve, he’s outta here. :)


  • mylifeisthebestlife

    I have always been pro-Oxford comma. My training at work was very anti-Oxford and it made me sad, deep down inside.
    You’ll be happy to know that I AM off today and I will celebrate by cleaning my kitchen SO ENTHUSIASTICALLY that my brain will be FULL of exclamation points.


  • Rich Crete

    I had emergency surgery about 5 years ago and the Doc had to remove about 2″ of my lower intestine; which means I have to have a colonoscopy every 2 years, so he can keep his eye on my semicolon.


  • Andreas Heinakroon

    A question on parentheses and periods: if I have a sentence within parentheses within another sentence, surely the period for the “mother” sentence should be outside the parentheses? Like in this sentence (with this example parenthesised sentence within it). Or am I wrong?


    • lucysfootball

      Hmm. I have to think. Wait a minute.

      I think this could go either way and I wouldn’t get upset. I can see arguments for both. I think it *looks* better in the closing parenthesis, but I understand why, technically, it should be outside. I don’t know how to word it to Google-search it, though. Anyone have any actual rules they can point us toward?


  • Andreas Heinakroon

    I’m awfully sorry, but I will not conform to any Oxford commas; I just won’t. It sounds like some kind of evil Colonial grammar-conspiracy to me.


    • lucysfootball

      You can call it the serial comma if it makes it more palatable to you.

      If you don’t use it things get confusing! And you get stripping Stalin! You don’t want to see Stalin strip, do you, Andreas?


      • Andreas Heinakroon

        Things don’t really get confusing now do they? We don’t really think Stalin and J.F.K. would be the strippers, do we? It’s not like we might accidentally eat grandma or anything. Besides, those newfangled serial commas just aren’t British.


        • lucysfootball

          Well, no. I suppose you’re not REALLY confused. But it does cause pause, and when you want someone to read something you’ve written smoothly (especially in a newspaper or magazine article) you don’t want them to hesitate over your grammatical or word choice.

          I AM NOT BRITISH. Therefore I am PRO-OXFORD COMMA.


  • Andreas Heinakroon

    We use ellipses in web design to indicate text that has been cropped because it couldn’t be fit into a limited space. Like in this sentence that won’t quite…

    (Although one must admit that one sometimes (ok, almost always) only put two periods in one’s ellipses when writing one’s blog posts and tweets. One is just lazy, one guesses. Or one might be forced to use only 140 characters. One would never use four periods, though. One isn’t a savage, after all.)


  • Samantha

    I have a love-hate relationship with the Oxford comma. Sometimes, it is very necessary (such as the sentence you wrote above) but I learned Associated Press style in college and NO SERIAL COMMAS EVER, usually have to write that way at work. :P but yay! Love me some punctuation, and honestly, I love my AP style guide. It just has everything in it! :D

    Oh something that annoys me, and I just wanted to ask? Were you taught that if you have an object in parentheses at the end of a sentence you put the punctuation mark outside or inside? Like:

    I like to call it “lavender”, but other people would just prefer “purple”.


  • Andreas Heinakroon

    I hate improper use of appstrophes! It completely messes up the language!

    In Swedish we have this thing called ‘felaktig särskrivning’ where people wrongfully break joint words apart – probably as a side effect of being exposed to English, where most words are not joined together. This infuriates me immensly; especially when people insist on it being of no consequence. No consequence? Really? Take the word ‘flygplats’ (airport). If split apart it would read ‘flyg plats’ (fly place). Or the word ‘rökfritt’ (no smoking). Split apart it would be ‘rök fritt’ (feel free to smoke). Same thing, is it? If you absolutely have to split them apart, use proper hyphenation, for crying out loud! Grr.


    • lucysfootball

      I like that when you join words together in Swedish, they mean completely different things. What fun is that? THE MOST!

      I seriously was meant to live another life where I was a linguist. Why am I not living that life?


  • sj

    I learned NO OXFORD COMMAS EVER, and as a result I have a difficult time using them.

    Also, have you seen this?


    • lucysfootball

      I didn’t learn ANYTHING about commas. I swear I learned what I know from reading, and taught myself the rest from “The Elements of Style.” How was my school even a school?

      I LOVE THAT! ZOMG, “demicolons.” BEST THING EVER!


      • sj

        HA! I knew you would! I thought for sure I’d shown it to you before. OH WELL, NOW YOU KNOW! Use your Victor-Captures-the-Wind safely, my friend.


  • blogginglily

    We invited the strippers, JFK, and Stalin.
    We invited the strippers, JFK and Stalin.

    The oxford comma is used in lists of three or more things, at least that’s how I was taught. But maybe that’s wrong.

    If JFK and Stalin WERE the names of the strippers, then there should be no oxford comma, because it’s not a list, it’s a pause for identity like, “I read the post by my favorite blogger, Amy.”

    If you had lots of strippers though, like three. . . it doesn’t matter whether the oxford comma is there or not, it’s still fucked up. We invited the strippers, JFK, Amy and Stalin. It’s not an issue of whether the oxford comma is the problem. It’s an issue of the sentence structure itself.

    We invited the strippers: JFK, Amy and Stalin. Maybe?
    We invited JFK, Amy and Stalin, the strippers.
    We invited the strippers.
    We invited JFK, Amy and Stalin.

    I don’t know. . . what the hell was my point anyway? Oh. . . I like oxford commas. I had to FORCE myself not to insert the comma in front of “and”.

    Good day.



  • sj

    [waves] HEY, I’M DOWN HERE NOW!

    Anyway, yes – it’s totally hot. And it was appreciated. I was even a little embarrassed when I realized the space hadn’t taken.


  • 35JupiterDrive

    This is a wonderful post! Wonderful! I have to admit that I have found that menopause is screwing with me around punctuation and homonyms, homophones and, well, homos. ;) Okay, maybe not homos quite as much. I haven’t tested that one out yet.

    I read my post from the other day and found its punctuated like this: it’s. I almost scratched my own eyes out. Arrrgggghhhhhhhhhhhh!

    I can’t wait for this part of this to be over. Seriously. In the meantime, I’m going to budget a bit more for editing.

    (Oh dear on sic being mispelled.)


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